Tributes to M.A.K. Halliday

                   A mighty tree has fallen in the forest

M.A.K. Halliday (13 April 1925 – 15 April 2018)

Following the announcement of the passing of Michael Halliday, tributes have been flowing in from the SFL community and from friends around the world. We share here these tributes and some of the wonderful memories that many of us have of Michael as a friend and a scholar.

Click here to see more official obituaries that various organisations have posted.


I was lucky enough to be in Sydney a few weeks ago and to visit Michael, and it seemed to me that he was very much waiting to go, to follow his beloved Ruqaiya, and so he took himself off quietly, and without any fuss, just as you would have expected him to do.

I was struck, in Annabelle’s earlier message, by the response of one of her family to Michael’s death “A great tree has fallen in the forest” – and of course being a linguist, I had to go and find its source. I don’t think I quite succeeded in that quest, but SFLers will be interested to know that the last time the phrase was used in significant quantity was for the death of Nelson Mandela. I then stumbled upon a beautiful poem by Maya Angelou on this theme which for me sums up the impact of a figure like Michael – I’ve already shared it with my Chinese colleagues, so I thought it would bear posting here.

Ed McDonald

When Great Trees Fall

When great trees fall,
rocks on distant hills shudder,
lions hunker down
in tall grasses,
and even elephants
lumber after safety.

When great trees fall
in forests,
small things recoil into silence,
their senses
eroded beyond fear.

When great souls die,
the air around us becomes
light, rare, sterile.
We breathe, briefly.
Our eyes, briefly,
see with
a hurtful clarity.
Our memory, suddenly sharpened,
gnaws on kind words
promised walks
never taken.

Great souls die and
our reality, bound to
them, takes leave of us.
Our souls,
dependent upon their
now shrink, wizened.
Our minds, formed
and informed by their
fall away.
We are not so much maddened
as reduced to the unutterable ignorance
of dark, cold

And when great souls die,
after a period peace blooms,
slowly and always
irregularly. Spaces fill
with a kind of
soothing electric vibration.
Our senses, restored, never
to be the same, whisper to us.
They existed. They existed.
We can be. Be and be
better. For they existed.

Maya Angelou


I was privileged to be one of Michael’s first students when he opened the Department of Linguistics at the University of Sydney in 1976. I was one of a number of mature aged students who enrolled in the new MA in Applied Linguistics. There were so many applicants in the first year that Michael and his colleagues were forced to restrict the numbers they could accept- a fact I mention because it shows that interest in Michael had already reached many of us in Sydney long before his arrival.

It was Michael who taught me my first course in Functional Grammar, long before any copy of his book appeared. We used to receive sheets of notes he produced on one of those old smelly roneo machines, and the sheets always smelt of methylated spirits. I still remember the first class I attended with him, when he told us that he would start with the question, ‘Why do English speakers use the passive voice?’ Given my background (a strong training in traditional school grammar) I was intrigued that this should be a problematic issue.

It was the start of a journey in which- like many others in the network here- Michael changed my life. (How many people in a lifetime can you actually say that about?) He taught me to understand language differently, but also through that he taught me to think about the nature of society and social processes in a totally new way. It was a transformative experience, and the impact has never left me. In later years, he became my friend, and some of my best memories of him and Ruqaiya will always be of walking with them in the Kosciuszko Mountains in the Australian alpine summer months. I shall miss him, though I don’t regret his death because he had been unhappy and in pain for so long. He was a great scholar, a gifted teacher and a generous, even humble man. I doubt that I shall see his like again.

Fran Christie


I find it difficult to express the gratitude I feel to Michael Halliday. I met him and heard him speak only a few times, but he has had a profound effect on my life in many ways. He was a wonderful, incredible person. My sincere condolences to his family and loved ones.

John Knox (Macquarie University)


I echo those comments by those here, particularly that Michael Halliday was not only a scholar of extremely rare dedication, intelligence, integrity and curiosity, but also was an absolutely kind and generous person. I was lucky enough to speak with him on a number of occasions, but it was the first one that stands out, as I was a PhD student at my first ISFC pre-conference institute in 2005, which took place in lovely Manly. At the dinner to conclude the amazing seminars and workshops there, we were joined by Michael and Ruqaiya. It turns out that the Italian restaurant did not have a beer to his liking; I quickly seized the opportunity to run out to a nearby bottle shop and get some for us to share. This also gave me the excuse to sit with him, which was my obvious ulterior motive. This great scholar patiently listened to my poor explanation of my PhD project, and offered absolutely kind encouragement. Once that was out of the way, we had a marvellous conversation about his time in China and the very odd situations language scholars often find themselves in. His support and inclusion of all of us permeates the field, and provides a model for behaviour within and beyond our academic lives. As others have already said, we will treasure that legacy and continue to build upon it.

Derek Irwin (Nottingham University)


My first encounter with Michael as a teacher was as a beneficiary of his great generosity. He  offered a small number of us (4 or 5 TESOL teachers I think) a one-year preliminary course in Linguistics to allow us to be accepted into the Master’s degree At Sydney Uni. None of us had the prerequisite – Linguistics in our first degree. But he thought our language teaching experience more than made up for it and convinced the university to agree to his one-off preliminary course.

The unbelievable luxury of having a 2-hour seminar every week with Michael at the same time as attending his lecture courses (each one was a year long – remember those?)! This did not just open up the world of linguistics to me but gave me an understanding of human society that has enriched my life and work ever since. And provided me with a rare model of caring and scaffolded teaching that has guided me in my work since then.

One course was ‘The Theory of Language Structure’ (in 1980 still a roneo-ed version of IFG – but only up to ‘Structure at the level of Clause’ – so, the next year I audited the course to do ‘Below the Clause’). Right from the very first lecture of the course, I left the room with answers to questions I’d never been able to answer in my years of language teaching despite my English degree and teaching diploma. The other course, Language and Society began with Aristotle and Plato and ended with his own and his students’ work, and was the most stimulating, exciting, rich course of study I have ever experienced – one which also allowed to me to fully understand my ethnic, class and linguistic identities for the first time.

I still have handwritten lecture notes from both courses. Michael’s brilliance as a teacher included knowing the exact amount of pausing, rephrasing and emphasising to allow for my recording of different size headings, numbering and systematic underlining of main points throughout (as well as bracketed asides which included jokes – often involving Yorkshire).

My favourite Greek experience with Michael was when I was lucky enough to be living in Athens in the early 1990s when he opened a conference on discourse and accepted an honorary doctorate from Athens University. I went to the conference and the conferral and one day took him on my favourite off- the-tourist track walk on Philopappou Hill opposite the Acropolis, which he absolutely loved – then we had tea and cakes at my place and nattered about all our SFL colleagues.

Thank you for everything Michael. We will miss you but your work lives on and grows. Your intellect, wisdom, generosity, kindness, humility and humour will never be forgotten.

Dorothy Economou (The University of Sydney)


I have always thought of myself as once removed from the direct teaching of Michael – I was taught by the next generation of great SFL scholars including Rhondda, Sue, David and Christian. So for me, Michael and Ruqaiya both, initially had a kind of rock star status. They were rock stars in the new world understanding that stumbling across SFL had brought to me in the late 90s ( and has only grown in the decades since).

My first meeting with Michael was at a fund raising event “the importance of bringing Ernest”, organised at Macquarie by Annabelle to bring my now dear friends, the Akerejola family, to Sydney. I recall, like so many others, what a kind, generous, humble and very un-rockstarish man Michael was.

Despite sharing the same home city of Sydney with Michael and Ruqaiya, my most treasured memories are of time spent chatting, walking, sharing meals and taking train and bus journeys in India, Japan and through Denmark and into Germany. I feel utterly privileged to have these memories.

I am so sad he’s gone but like Fran, Annabelle and David, I am at peace with his death because I think life without Ruqaiya was difficult.

Maria Herke


Like so many others, I am truly saddened by the loss of Michael Halliday. I have found it extremely moving to read the various tributes to Michael and I like Ed I think it is a great idea to collect these. I strongly endorse the recurring comments about Michael’s huge intellectual contribution and also about his generosity and kindness as a human being. I had the good fortune, as a PhD student, of being supervised by Michael, and I remain deeply grateful to him for his insights and his patience with me as a somewhat recalcitrant student. As with so many others, he had a profound impact on my life: on my career and indeed on how I think about the world. Michael is one of those rare people who leave the world a better place for having been here. It has been an honour and a privilege to know him and to consider him a friend. My sincere condolences to his family and to his close and supportive friends.

Jenny Hammond (University of Technology, Sydney)


Thank you for collating responses. I’ve just had a reflective time reading everyone’s experiences and thoughts, watching the video of Michael and recalling my own brief times in his presence … and Ruquiya’s too. He gave me my academic life, as he gave to so many others, and his generosity of spirit was unparalleled. Vale M.A.K. Halliday.

Lorraine McDonald


I’d like to join with everyone in our community who is sharing thoughts and memories of Michael this week as well as sending sincere condolences to Michael’s family.

I first met Michael in 1976 just after he founded the Dept of Linguistics at the University of Sydney. As an untrained ESL teacher, I thought I should extend my knowledge of English grammar (how right I was!) and began to sit in on his first undergraduate classes there of half a dozen or so students. What amazing luck to be there! We received purple-inked roneo-ed handouts week by week that were the very slim beginnings of the first edition of IFG, came to grips with the newly published Cohesion in English, learned about Bernstein’s coding orientations in semantics classes, had sessions on English intonation, and so much more. I will never forget the intellectual thrill and excitement of those and succeeding years when, as a graduate student and tutor, I was able to attend Michael’s classes. Apart from gradually understanding more about SFL, I learned so much from his generous and humane teaching and assessment style; however ill-informed or wide-of the mark our questions and comments might be, he always treated every single student in the class with patience and complete respect. No one was ever intimidated in his presence.

As for so many others, meeting Michael and becoming immersed in his wonderfully extravagant theory of language completely changed the course and meaning of my life and I am so grateful to have had the opportunity to know and learn from such a wonderful man. His ideas are flourishing in places all over the world and his legacy will continue to grow. But we will miss him.

Clare Painter


I’m sad at Michael Halliday’s passing.

I am ever grateful for his compelling insights and expositions of functional grammar, and the wide range of applications and developments they have produced, particularly those in the field of education. These have been fundamental to my collaborative work with academics in promoting undergraduate students’ academic literacy development.

As Mick wrote ‘he continues in us all’.

Ursula McGowan (The University of Adelaide)


I feel very very sad since I know that Michael is no longer with us. My words surely do not reach to express my feelings. Many of you have said it better, much better. I only know that although I never had the good fortune to talk personally with Michael, reading and trying to understand his deep reflections on language has been one of the things that accompanied me during difficult times. He was maybe one of my best friend on those occasions. And that is something that I will not fail to thank him for. I am sure that the clarity of his thought will accompany me the rest of my days.

My deepest condolences to Michael’s family.

Elsa Ghio


Thank you to Annabelle for sharing this news, and thank you to the many people who have shared their thoughts and feelings with us all. Many have put my feelings into words far better than I can at this point.

I want to add my voice to the many who have been won over by M.A.K. Halliday’s theories and also by Michael’s warmth, humour and charm.

To add to the stories that are being shared, here is the account of my first meeting with Michael Halliday and Ruqaiya Hasan.

I had just (a few weeks before) started my PhD studies in Liverpool with the wonderful Geoff Thompson, who was hosting the ISFC. It was the first day of the conference. I was overawed and knew nobody. Lunch came and as I sat down, a gentleman sat down on my right. “Hello, I’m Michael” he said. As if I didn’t know!! Across from me came the next introduction “I’m Ruqaiya.” Well, I knew that but of course I introduced myself too. “And I’m Frances” said the voice on my left. Names that had been just authors on books and papers; names whose ideas had not only blown me away with their originality and perception, but had also been directly relevant to my life as a language teacher and as someone with an abiding facination with language; these names had now not only become real but had become people who are happy to sit down and talk to you as an equal. All three were kind and curoius and made me feel immediately at ease and one of the community. It was the best ‘find-a-newbie day’ ever for me. Every time that I met Michael again (and there simply were not enough of those occasions) he remembered me and, as with everyone else, was always generous with his time and open to discussion on any topic.

I look forward to celebrating Michael and Ruqaiya’s memories with other people in the community and hearing of ways that we can maintain their legacy alongside the work we all do to develop our approach to the study of social semiotics.

My deepest condolences go to Michael’s family and those that were close to him.

Nick Moore


I was not directly taught by Halliday but had the opportunity to hear him speak at many forums and to speak with him several times on a personal level as well. I remember boarding a plane for my first ‘off-shore’ ISFC in Vancouver in 2010 and noting Michael and Ruquiya in the Business Class section on my way through. When I was seated .. a way back, I said to the steward, ‘If you are speaking to one of the Business Class stewards, tell them to let Professors Michael Halliday and Ruquiya Hasan know that there is a fan up the back. Just after we levelled off after take-off, Michael appeared at my seat – he would have already been about 86. I am sure Michael did not know me from a piece of cheese, but he was charming and generous and stayed for several minutes chatting. I have told that story to hundreds and hundreds of undergraduate and postgraduate  students I have introduced his theory to since – and I have always teared up as I did so. A good start to teacher student bonding!

On a different note, I also once sat down with a prospective ‘boy-friend’ to explain the metafunctions and why he would have to understand them if our relationship were to grow. Luckily he didn’t and the Write it Right project came along. The rest is history.

Sally Humphrey (Australian Catholic University)


Warm thoughts from Michael’s friends in the North!

Eva Maagerø


Dear Michael,

I am extremely sad to learn that you have gone too far and away.

I clearly remember those precious days when I first met you at the University of Sydney in 1977 and began to learn your rich and insightful way of studying language/languages and society. All of your writings and talks I have since read and heard have completely changed and enriched my way of thinking about language and semiotics. Without knowing you and all the people you have enlightened, the whole of my academic life would have been not so much different but rather sadly fruitless.

I do thank you for everything so far, and do wish you a peaceful sleep with your beloved Ruqaiya.

Noboru Yamaguchi, 17 April 2018


I also want to express my gratitude to Michael here – thank you Michael for your courage, your foresight, and for the depth of your engagement with both big and little people as well as with ideas.

One contribution of Michael’s that hasn’t been mentioned I think is his role in kicking off ecolinguistics – including his challenge ‘to replace war discourse with peace discourse, the  discourse of borrowing with that of saving, and the discourse of building with that of repair’. Of course we need these shifts as much in the ecosystem of the academy itself as in the world at large but following Michael’s lead we mustn’t be frightened off.

Like others I feel so lucky to have had life-changing opportunities to learn from both Michael and, more directly, his wife and intellectual soulmate (tautological?) Ruqaiya.

My heartfelt condolences to their family and many dear friends.

Alison Moore (University of Wollongong)


On behalf of the ALSFAL community I want to express our condolence in this sad moment. As many have expressed, Michael Halliday`s legacy will stay with us for years to come. We feel fortunate to have grown under his great shadow and to have enriched our lives with his inspiring insights into language and its applications. May this feeling of enormous gratitude turn into further action for the expansion of his thought.

Norma Barletta
ALSFAL president


Like Mick’s, my lifepath was completely turned around by Michael (though in my case twice).

And, like Margaret – who first introduced me-wonderingly-to Scale and Category Grammar in 1965, I cannot forget his (often private) kindness and consideration, or his generosity with his attention and time, even when he was exhausted. And then on top of that, as Jim pointed out when Michael retired, his modesty.

So I can’t resist quoting a one-sentence epitaph, to a philologist, Richard Garnett, which I recently came across. Garnett could reasonably be regarded as one of the fathers of English dialectology, who initiated a huge body of work in the 19th and 20th centuries. His colleagues at the British Museum-where he was a Keeper-wrote:

“Few men have left so fragrant a memory.”

Michael, the father of SFL (indeed, originally its “onlie begetter”), who in the 20th and 21st centuries has also inspired a huge body of work, is another of the “few” who have left a fragrant memory. And as well as being a true original, he was a great teacher, very good company, and a very nice man.

Martin Davies


Along with so many others, I’m saddened by the loss of Michael Halliday. An inspirational  academic, a generous soul, a person you’d want to sit next to at the dinner table. Always so kind  and gentle.
In Hong Kong a few years ago, he came on a walk one time with me and my daughters spotting and trying to name butterflies… He was so patient, caring and loving with my girls. The world is a more meaningful place due to MAK Halliday! How fortunate we are to have known Michael and to benefit from his work.

My condolences to his family.

Gail Forey


This is, indeed, very sad news.

Michael was an exceptional researcher and teacher, and an example for us all in his deep-seated humanism. My professional and personal world will not be the same without him.

Let us cherish his legacy.

Erich Steiner (Saarland University)


We all share so much. I began my teaching career in 1966, while I was writing my PhD
thesis on George Eliot. What I didn’t realize, when I was hired by Michael Gregory (Scale
and Category), was that I was supposed also to teach linguistics, about which I knew absolutely nothing. It was the best thing that ever happened to me, and everyone else at the time – we were all in the same boat. Michael and Ruqaiya – and all of you – have enriched my intellectual and human life immeasurably.

Jim Benson


It’s sad to learn of the passing of Michael, one of the greatest legend of our time, whose contribution to the field of Linguistics is unequalled. He remains with us in memories, volumes and pages.

Ernest Akerejola


I’m really sad to hear this sad news!!

There is no doubt he was one of the brightest minds of our times!
It’s wonderful to hear of his great heart and his warm inspirational ways.

My condolences to his family and all his friends and colleagues who enjoyed the possibility of sharing ideas, research, talks with him!

Samiah Hassan


Rest in peace, Sir M. A. K. Halliday. In French they say that, upon their passing, people ‘disappear’. Michael Halliday may have vanished, but his name and legacy will forever remain among the greatest of minds.

My sincere condolences to his family and friends.

Margo Lecompte-Van Poucke (Macquarie University)


This is sad news indeed. Michael Halliday was one of the great minds of his generation. I consider it a privilege to have met him on a number of (all too rare) occasions. He was more than a great linguist: he was a great person.

David Banks


I think many of us were influenced in life path, if not by Michael, by his work. In 1984, I took time off my computer science path to do one year of linguistics, to help in my honours year work on NLP. But in that year, Michael’s teaching (and that of others such as Jim) made me change direction, and systemic linguistics became my path.

Michael is not gone, but continues in all of us who pursue his work.

Mick O’Donnell


Very sad news indeed!
I was especially moved by Prof Halliday’s plenary on ‘language evolving’ at Vancouver SFL congress a few years ago. Yes, Mick, Prof Halliday and Prof Hasan are still with us.

Our deepest condolences to their family.

Libo Gui (National Institute of Education, Singapore)


Really very sad news for me too. MAK Halliday’s work was a great influence on my practice of discourse analysis and will sure continue to be for generations of linguists, language practitioners, teachers and students to come. I am honoured to have had the one occassion to meet and talk with Prof Halliday — 34th ISFC Cong in Denmark 2007. I offer my heartfelt prayers and condolences.

Sridevi SRINIWASSSENIOR (University oF Malaya)


This is indeed very sad news! Many of us have been inspired by Michael and his contribution.

My condolences to his family and friends.

Kumaran (Universiti Sains Malaysia)


I share the sadness of the whole SFL community for the loss of Michael
My deepest condolences to his family and closest friends,

Susana Murcia Bielsa (Universidad Autonoma de Madrid)


This is indeed very sad news! Michael Halliday was not only a great linguist but also a great person – very approachable and always ready to help. He will stay with us in memory and his insights will continue to be a great source of inspiration. My condolences to his family,  colleagues and friends.

Inger Lassen


This is very sad news for the Linguistics community, in general, and for SFL, in particular. Those of us who were lucky to meet him and be inspired by his work are mourning today, but his legacy is etched into our minds and into those of the next generation…

My deepest condolences to his family and friends. Thanks for passing on the news, Annabelle.

Julia Lavid Lopez (Universidad Complutense)


I am very sad to learn of Michael’s passing. It is a consolation to know that he was able to go peacefully and was well cared for in his final years. His legacy lives on. My condolences go out to his family and friends.

Sabine Bartsch


Very sad to hear the news… To many of us, he is not only a great linguist but also the most generous and gentle person. He will always be with us.

Chenguang Chang


I was very saddened to hear of Professor Halliday passing. Condolences to his family. I am not an academic linguist but a curious language teacher who stumbled into the ISFLC in Saarbruecken Germany in 2007. I had the great pleasure to sit at breakfast with Michael and despite my then lack of academic linguistic knowledge and terminology, he was extremely interested in the special school I worked at and very encouraging. He later spotted me at a presentation and intentionally sat by me to give ‘verbal sidenotes’ on the relevance of the material to my work. I was also amazed that he remembered me, when we met again several years later.

The revolution of SFL awareness on both my and many of my colleagues’ teaching methods was ground breaking. Although retired, I still get feedback from former teaching colleagues who are successfully using SFL informed methods.

May his influence in education continue to spread, become deep rooted, persist and grow!

Alan Hess (Isle of Man)


My deep respect to the memory of a man whose vision of language and of the social role of linguistics deeply touched my life. A man like Micahel Halliday stays with us for ever.

My condolences to his family and friends.

Mafalda Mendes (Universidade de Lisboa)


I heard sorrowfully such sad news about the departure of Prof. Halliday. Though he passed away but his name and academic reputation will remain forever. May God bless his soul.

My condolences to his family and friends.

Hashim Alhusseini


Very sad news indeed. Thank you to all of you who were close to him and cared for him so thoughtfully. And thanks to all who are posting their wonderful stories of how he entered their lives both personally and professionally. These stories show the vast network of caring professionals that he leaves as a legacy in addition to all of the brilliant works that he wrote and which he has also inspired.

My deepest condolences also for his family and loved ones.

Anne McCabe (Saint Louis University)


Adieu to the man I never met but greatly transformed my reasoning in nearly all spheres. My academic life evolves round great exploits by M.A.K. Halliday. I’m sure we will miss you.

Sam Agbeleoba


With his passing, not only have we lost a dear colleague, but also a vocal champion for the increased dialogue between studies in linguistics and other fields, highlighting the need to break out of the imagined frontiers of knowledge. A man whose intellect can only be matched by his warmth towards those who have had the good fortune of meeting him, regardless of their status in their respective fields. A loss that can only be softened by the certainty of a life well lived, with long-lasting significant impact for the understanding of language as a central element in  shaping new ways of meaning (and living) in such a fast-changing world. Besides his overwhelmingly significant contribution as a linguist, we are left with unfading gratitude, admiration and encouragement to contribute to language studies from our local experiences in dialogue with the global space of human experience!

Fabio A. S. Bezerra (Universidade Federal da Paraiba)


Sad news, indeed. What a legacy Michael has left, including in his gentleness and good humour.

Thanks to Annabelle and his other good friends for your care and communication.

Alfredo Ferreira


This is really sad news. For the Chinese SFL & discourse analysis community Michael was not only a great linguist but also a great person, always kind and encouraging. We offer our sincere condolences to Michael’s family, friends and those colleagues who were also close to him during his time in the home.



Without Michael, none of us would be here. Or at any rate we wouldn’t be doing what we are doing. And as many people have said, Michael was not only a great linguist but also a great person, always kind and encouraging even when one was disagreeing with him.

I’m lucky enough to have known him since 1962, at a time when his 1961 WORD article was revolutionising thinking about grammar. Of course he has followed that up with many further revolutionary insights into language and language study. Linguistics now couldn’t be more different from the way it was in the early 1960s. As Monica points out, with her quotation from Ron Carter, words such as ‘great’, ‘influential’ are often thrown around. Michael was truly great and truly influential, to the extent of totally changing the discipline in which he was working. And life-changing for those of us who were influenced by his work.

Condolences to his family, and also to Annabelle and his other close friends in Sydney.

Margaret Berry



This is very sad news. I would like to offer condolences to Michael’s family and close friends. I was personally fortunate to meet Michael on a few occasions and enjoyed every moment of his company. Like all of us on this list I engage with the remarkable and revolutionary body of work he created and inspired every day. As Margaret said, without Michael we would all be doing other things and it’s a good thig we are not. Personally I can’t but see language other than through the social semiotic lens that Michael created.

Gerard O’Grady (Cardiff University)


I was not as fortunate as so many of us to meet Michael in person. I’ve come to know his socially committed and influential scholarship through his students and friends (now eminent SFL  scholars). A great testimony of what Michael created is not only a scholarship that changed a whole discipline but the wonderful and supporting community of talented, critical, and compassionate SFL colleagues all around the world. As we prepare to host the ISFLC in the US after more than 30 years, we are reminded of Michael’s reach and legacy, one that he left in good hands with all of you.

Andres Ramirez


It will be very sad to talk about him with my students in the past tense. His work will always project us towards the future.

Arianna Maiorani (Loughborough University, UK)


Sad news indeed, but also time to reflect with great gratitude on our social semiotic debt.

Brad Smith (Macquarie University)


I don’t know how to express my heartfelt sadness. This is truly a great loss. My heart goes to his family, friends and colleagues around the globe. From now onward, he’d live on our book shelves forever. I was very fortunate to have spent some time with him, and those memories I will cherish throughout my life. Ah, what an inspirational and distinguished soul he was.

With all respect and gratitude

Tazanfal Tehseem (University of Sargodha PAKISTAN)


The news of Michael’s passing has affected us all so deeply. I can’t think of the words to express my feelings now other than gratitude. I am so grateful to have been able to meet and discuss with both Michael and Ruqaiya. I have learned so much from them both, I am still learning and I selfishly wish they were still with us in person so I could continue to learn from them. They have both left more ideas and insights into language than any one of us could ever hope to deal with in a lifetime, so we cannot feel that they did not leave us with enough to do!

I would like to share with you all a video we took of the last visit Michael and Ruqaiya made to Cardiff where they very generously shared their time with our staff and students a few years ago. Please forgive me if you cannot access this video as I’ve uploaded it to YouTube. I could perhaps find another sharing platform if there is enough interest.


I would also like to express my gratitude to our friends and colleagues in Australia who have given so much of their time to care for Michael and Ruqaiya. You know who you are.

My thoughts are with Michael’s family, his close and extended family,

Lise Fontaine (Cardiff University)


It’s all been said, but I too – indeed all of us SFL-ers here in Bologna – offer sincere condolences to Michael’s family, friends and to those colleagues who were also close to him during this time in the home.

35 years ago I by chance came across Language as social semiotic and it was an epiphany. Lise movingly and rightfully writes of gratitude. I am grateful I had the chance to see and hear and discuss with Michael and Ruqaiya fairly often, here in Italy in the ’80s and ’90s (in Bologna and Trieste), starting with Michael’s inspiring plenary on The History of a Sentence at Bologna University’s 9th centennial, and later on other occasions – Sydney in 2005, Gorizia in 2006, Cardiff in 2010. The memories are vivid and enduring and I’m grateful for them.

Michael was, in the words of a colleague here today, ‘a brilliant man and gentle soul’. His unwavering kindness and encouragement have been commented on already. I too will always be grateful to him for being so with me. He also had a wonderful sense of humour and was great fun to be with.

But as many have also said, he is still with us, through his bountiful splendid work, and shining example, of how to be linguist and also a magnificent human being.

So, in a sense, ‘a valediction forbidding mourning’.

Donna R. Miller (University of Bologna)


I would also like to express my gratitude to Michael Halliday for his enormous contribution to us all in the Systemic Functional Linguistics community. Michael Halliday had not only the capacity of opening new ways to think about language, but also of imagining possibilities from a social semiotic perspective to make the world a better place. The impact of his outstanding work has been and will be of great inspiration for many generations of scholars to come. His generous view of language as an ideologically committed form of social action will remain with us – and so will the memories of a brilliant scholar who had also the virtue of being a humble and warm person. Michael’s extraordinary example must guide our practices.

Teresa Oteiza (Chair of the International Systemic Functional Linguistics Association (ISFLA), Universidad Catolica de Chile)


Sincerest condolences on the loss of such a great scholar and wonderful person. Michael shall be for ever remembered. I guess all of you have a story to share. I have mine. I was attending Cardiff Summer School in 2010 with a broken leg (an accident that happened a couple of days before my trip). Michael saw me arriving with difficulty to the Julian Hodge Building. He stopped … and waited … to help me access the building… So generous…

That was his message when he congratuled us on the foundation of the Tunisian Association of Systemic Functional Linguistics: “We need people like yourselves from around the world because all of the knowledge we get from your experiences as working linguists , theoretical, applied, whichever… is immensely valuable to increase the power and the effectiveness of linguistics as a scientific study of language”

May his soul rest in peace !!!!

Akila Sellami Baklouti (University of Sfax, Tunisia)


And all my condolences.

Maia Ponsonnet (The University of Western Australia)


That is really sad news.

Wang Zhenhua


My sadness at hearing of this loss cannot be expressed in words.

Katina Zammit (Western Sydney University)


I would like to express my personal condolences on the loss of such a great man (great in both personality and linguistics). The sad news arrived on April 16 and just as one of my colleagues who is NOT a systemicist but a discourse analyst (Dr. Huan) said ‘The whole world is in profound grief because of the loss of Michael Halliday’. Thousands of messages and condolences fly in social media like Wechat from Monday morning till now and they are still flying in grief.

In 1990s I was persuaded into doing a doctoral degree in psychology but I quitted because I found my real interest was in SFL, and soon after that I decided to pursue a degree under the supervision of Prof. Guowen Huang. In 2003 an opportunity was presented to me for a second Ph.D. in another field of linguistics at the University of Illinois. Without much consideration, I decided not to try that. With comparisons and contrasts, I preferred to continue my research in SFL.

Thanks to Halliday and his theory, I found my way of academic life. Thanks to Halliday and his theory, I found the best way to the truth of language, ‘language in use’ in particular. On this particular occasion, I would like to express my sincerest gratitude to Michael Halliday for his theory. On this particular occasion, I would like to bring back my memories (in dozens) of meeting Michael in the past 20 years.

Many years ago, I read a statement in a book by two philosophers from Canada which goes like this: Charles Darwin is the greatest mind in biology, Albert Einstein in physics and Ludwig Wittgenstein in philosophy. In my understanding, Ludwig Wittgenstein’s thinking on language in use was and is still in theory, but Michael Halliday has worked a way out both in theory and in practice on ‘language in use’. In this logic, Michael Halliday is the greatest mind in linguistics. Many non-systemicists may not agree on this claim, but I believe time will convince them of this. Wittgenstein passed away too early but his thinking has become more and more influential. Halliday passed away hours ago and his thinking will become more influential than ever in the future. Their theories are so profound that it takes time to chew and digest before the power and energy of ‘these foods’ can be generated.

May Michael rest in peace.

Bingjun Yang (Shanghai Jiao Tong University)


I am very sad to hear of Michael’s death as I was of Ruqaiya’s. He was a great scholar and a kind and noble man. My condolences to the family.

Marilyn Cross


The great linguist, M.A.K. Halliday has died. His work used to be central to the way secondary English teachers treated language as ‘language in use’, with an emphasis on how language is part of social existence. Some of it got mis-used (I would argue) by the National Literacy Strategy as ‘genre’ work, though I’m not against a light-handed use of genre as a way of doing writing in schools. He taught my father linguistics, (as I wrote about jokily in ‘So They Call You Pisher!’ ) and – to put it crudely – fled the UK, once he realised that the government weren’t interested in rational discussion of linguistics as a way of talking about language in schools.

I hope there will be long and thoughtful obituaries to him. We still have much to learn from his work.

Michael Rosen (UK)


We are full of grief after hearing this news about Michael. However, the knowledge that he imparted to many will continue to inspire us and others. We pray for comfort to his family and to the many who were close to him.

Board members of JASFL


Posted on behalf of Functions of Language’s editorial team

It is with great sadness that we have learned that our Honorary Editor M.A.K. Halliday passed away in Sydney on 15 April 2018, aged 93. Halliday is internationally known for developing Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL), most conspicuously set out in his seminal An Introduction to Functional Grammar (first published in 1985; fourth edition 2014). His work occupies a central and unique place in our field. Michael has been our Honorary Editor from the foundation of the journal. In the foreword to the first issue (1994), he sketched out the raison d’etre of Functions of Language, deploring how in much of the linguistics of that time, form was divorced from function, and welcoming the new journal as resisting that trend. Halliday’s vision for functional linguistics has inspired the editorial team of Functions of Language and many of its contributors since its inception. His work continues to inform numerous articles we receive from around the world. This is not the time or place for a full acknowledgment of the contribution that M.A.K. Halliday has made to our field; an obituary will be published in Functions of Language in due course. He was an inspirational and distinguished scholar, an eminent figure in the field, with lasting and enduring impact and immense influence on linguistics internationally. We extend our sympathy to Michael’s family and friends. His legacy will live on.

Monika Bednarek, Lobke Ghesquiere, Hilde Hasselgard, Martin Hilpert, J. Lachlan Mackenzie